How to take care of automatic transmission – More and more cars are equipped with an automatic gearbox. You must know how it works.
enlightened vehicles equipped with an automatic gearbox, you will not have a clutch pedal because the speeds are passed automatically.
It’s the same foot, the right foot, which controls the brake pedal and the accelerator.
How to take care of automatic transmission
Operation of an automatic transmission:
The automatic gearbox has, like the manual gearbox, lanes with precise positions symbolized by letters and numbers.
Here is the meaning of these symbols:
P = Park or parking position. This position makes it possible to mechanically lock the wheels of the vehicle in the parking lot.
Do not confuse the P position of the shift lever with the P button which is the parking brake control. A button replaces the traditional handbrake present on cars with the manual gearboxes. This parking brake is thus electronically controlled by this command.
R = Reverse. It’s the reverse.
N = Neutral, that is, neutral. This position leaves the wheels unlocked.
D = Drive. This is the driving position in forward with all possible speeds since the speeds are passed automatically.
enlightened attention, as soon as the lever is in position D if you release the brake, the vehicle moves forward.
1 or L (Low) = only 1st gear is used. This speed maintains a very low-speed driving in a steep climb or when towing another broken down vehicle.
2 = only the first 2 speeds are used. This speed maintains a low-speed ride very useful in case of the steep slope, ice or snow. It allows using the engine brake.
enlightened changes in speed ratio between P, R, N, and D are done with the foot on the brake.
On some models you will find other symbols:
3 = only the first 3 speeds are used: driving in agglomeration.
S = Sport. It is a shifting mode for sporty driving. Shifts occur at higher revolutions (rpm) and downshifting during braking is more abrupt.
W = Winter. In this mode, the first gear engaged is 2nd gear, which limits the risk of wheel spinning when starting on icy roads.
Start the engine with an automatic transmission:
To start the engine, as if to switch to a speed mode, you must press the brake pedal (always with your right foot). Hold your foot down and then insert the ignition key and start the engine.
enlightenedNote that only the P (parking) and N (neutral) positions allow starting the engine, which is logical because, as on a manual transmission vehicle, it does not start with a gear engaged.
Also note that the N position, engine off, allows you to move the vehicle by pushing it, like a manual gearbox in neutral. However, if you want to tow your vehicle, it must be done only at low speed and over short distances otherwise, you may seriously damage the box.
Start the vehicle:
While keeping your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever to the “Drive” position. This position is marked with the symbol “D”.
Gradually release the brake pedal. The vehicle will start moving forward.
Remember, you never use your left foot in a car with an automatic transmission. It’s the same foot, the right foot, which controls the brake pedal and the accelerator.
Once you leave, you do not have to change gears if you stay on the same type of road.
In order to go into reverse, the vehicle must first be shut down completely. Therefore, you have your right foot on the brake pedal, in P, N or D position, depending on the case. Then, move to the “Reverse” position. Or “R”.
Before beginning the maneuver, check that there is no one behind you and on the sides. As for the forward, lift your foot off the brake and gently press the accelerator. You will then walk slowly backward.
Stopping the vehicle:
To stop the vehicle, remove your right foot from the accelerator pedal and position it on the brake pedal.
Then apply progressive pressure until it stops completely.
Finally, move the lever to P (Parking) mode to lock the wheels.